Roughstalk bluegrass

Roughstalk bluegrass (Poa trivialis) is a cool-season perennial grass often considered a weed. Light green in color it is most obvious in the early spring when it grows more rapidly than other turfgrasses. As temperatures rise in the summer its growth will slow and it often goes semi-dormant until cooler temperatures and rainfall return in the autumn.

A roughstalk bluegrass plant in a lawn in spring.

A small roughstalk bluegrass plant with purple stems.

Infestations usually begin as small plants, but over time these plants spread via stolons and form patches that don’t tend to mix well with other cool-season grasses. These patches form as small plants expand from stoloniferous growth. These stolons (in addition to the lighter green color) can be used to differentiate roughstalk bluegrass from other bluegrasses such as annual bluegrass (no stolons or rhizomes) and Kentucky bluegrass (rhizomes only). Unlike Kentucky bluegrass, roughstalk bluegrass also has a long membranous ligule with a pointed tip.

Patch of roughstalk bluegrass in a lawn.

Patches of lighter green roughstalk bluegrass amongst Kentucky bluegrass

Currently there are no selective herbicides you can use in a home lawn to control roughstalk bluegrass. For many years Velocity herbicide was an option for professional turf managers, but it is no longer being manufactured and is not registered for use in home lawns (golf courses and sod farms only). Xonerate herbicide can provide some suppression, but should be used carefully to prevent injury to desirable turfgrass.

To control roughstalk bluegrass in cool-season lawns and athletic fields, nonselective control with glyphosate (Roundup and others) followed by reseeding is the best option. Apply glyphosate at this time in early spring, before summer stress, for best control. Glyphosate will kill any plant the spray contacts so apply carefully. If the areas are small, consider removing them with a shovel or a sod cutter. Be sure to remove the patch and at least 12 inches of turf surrounding the patch. Removing soil to a 0.5-inch depth should be sufficient to remove the stolons and all growing points. Reseed or sod the area with a desirable turfgrass species after removal.

These recommendations are based off of the 2019 Turfgrass Weed Control for Professionals guide. I highly recommend this guide for professionals managing cool-season turfgrass.

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